Former President of India : Dr. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed served as the fifth President of India, holding the office from August 24, 1974, until his death on February 11, 1977. Born on May 13, 1905, in Hauz Qazi area of Old Delhi, Ahmed left a lasting impact on Indian politics with his dedication and commitment to the nation.
Ahmed completed his initial education at the Government High School in Gonda district, Uttar Pradesh, and later graduated from St. Stephen's College, Delhi. Afterward, he proceeded to England and was called to the Bar from Inner Temple, London.
His political career began with his active participation in the Indian freedom struggle. He joined the Indian National Congress and was a loyal follower of Mahatma Gandhi, participating in the individual Satyagraha and Quit India Movement for which he was arrested in 1942.
After independence, Ahmed held several significant political positions. He was elected to the Rajya Sabha in 1952 and subsequently to the Lok Sabha in 1967. He held portfolios such as Food and Agriculture, Cooperation, Education, Industrial Development, and Company Laws.
In 1974, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was elected as the President of India. His presidency is notable for his decision to proclaim a state of emergency by the advice of the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, in 1975. His tenure was marked by his dedication to uphold the Constitution.
Ahmed had a deep interest in cultural activities and was associated with numerous educational and cultural institutions. He was also fond of sports and was associated with the Indian Olympic Association.
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed passed away in office on February 11, 1977, the first Indian President to die in office. His commitment to the nation and his contributions to Indian politics continue to be remembered.